Ebola Virus: Ebola virus disease is formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe, rare and deadly disease caused to the humans by one of the Ebola strains. This virus is transmitted from animals to the human beings. Mainly this disease occurs in the rural or remote areas. People remain infectious as long as their blood contains this virus.
Firstly the Ebola Virus occurred in 1976 in the remote areas of West Africa, Central Africa and later the virus is spread to many other countries. The most severely affected countries are Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone due to the lack of infrastructural facilities and weak health systems.
Ebola Virus Symptoms and Treatment
How Ebola Virus Spreads:
The Ebola Virus spread into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals like chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest. The health care workers are more frequently infected while treating the patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with the patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.
Ebola Virus Symptoms:
The humans are not infectious until they develop the Symptoms of Ebola Virus. First symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding , for example oozing from the gums, blood in the stools. The Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes. The ebola virus pictures are also mentioned to give the people clarity about this disease.
Ebola Virus Treatment:
The Ebola Virus Treatment can be done by Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids and treatment of specific symptoms improves survival. There no proven treatment available for Ebola Virus Disease up to now. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. There are no licensed vaccines available yet for this disease, but some potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing.
The Ebola virus is a rare disease and more vaccines are going to be developed in the coming future.