There are so many temples in India. India is known as the Land of Temples. Millions of tourists visit these temples and encourage tourism as an industry. There are some mighty structures with intricate decorations and carvings and then there are some hidden beneath the ground such as various cave temples in India.
who are planning to visit indian temples this is good news for you. Here i am providing famous temples as well as historical temples in India.
There are number of religions in India and even a greater number of temples. Indians are especially possessive about their religion and all Indian temples are thronged by pilgrims and visitors owing to the rich heritage and cultural significance these places carry.
List of Famous Temples in India
1. Khajuraho Temple, Madhya Pradesh
Its Located in the provincial state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Khajuraho temples were constructed between 950 and 1050 A.D. The name Khajuraho is derived from the Hindi word 'khajur', which means 'date palm'. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples and is well-known for erotic sculptures adorning the temples. Khajuraho temples are divided into three geographical divisions - western, eastern and southern. While western and southern group of temples are largely dedicated to two Hindu goddess - Vishnu and Shiva, the eastern group is highly influenced by Jainism. Khajuraho was once the religious capital of the Chandela Rajputs and today is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.
The Good time to visit Khajuraho is between the months of October to March for the climate here is mostly tropical where the summers are quite hot and the winters are cold. IT is located in the state of in the Bundelkhand district of Madhya Pradesh state.
2. Somnath Temple, Gujarat
Somnath Temple Jyotirlinga is situated at Somnath Patan (the south coast of Saurashtra), near Veraval in (Prabhas Kshetra) Kathaiwad district in Gujarat. Shree Somnath is first among the twele Aadi Jyotirlings of shiva in India and is a revered pilgrimage center in India.
Somnath means “The Protector of Moon God.” The Somnath Temple is also known as ‘The Shrine Eternal, as although the temple has been demolish six times it has ben rebuilt every single time. Most recently it was reconstruct in November, 1947. when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visited the area for the integration of Junagadh and raised a plan for reconstruction. After Patel's death, the reconstructing continued under K. M. Munshi. He is another minister of the Government of India.
Somnath Temple stands as a symbol of rich cultural heritage of India. The mention of this ancient temple has been made in the scriptures like 'Rig Veda' of the Hindu origin. We can be easily reached to Somnath temple from anywhere in Gujarat. Bus services to Somnath are available from all the cities and towns of Gujarat.
3. Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Varanasi - Uttar Pradesh
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is another one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. It is the most famous and blessed Hindu temples located in varanasi and also one of the holiest and revered temples of Varanasi, it dedicated to Lord Shiva.
It is also known various names like "Avimuktaka", Anandakanana", "Mahasmasana", "Surandhana", "Brahma Vardha", "Sudarsana", "Ramya" and "Kasi" or Kashi - 'the City of Light".
Kashi Vishawnath temple is really old and very famed in Varanasi. It is very spiritual and holiest. The temple is very close to the Ganga. It has always attracted a large number of pilgrims and worshippers from time immemorial.
The temple has been referred to in Hindu scriptures for a very long time and as a central part of worship in the Shaiva philosophy. It has been demolished and re-constructed a number of times in this history. The last construction was demolished by Aurangzeb. It was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb after he demolished the original Kashi Vishwanath temple at the site.
4. Lord Jagannath Temple, Puri - Orissa
Jagannath Temple located at Puri, Orissa. Jagannath Temple is one of the most renowned temple of Lord Vishnu in India. The temple was inaugurated in the 12th century, and it is devoted to Lord Jagannath, the Lord of the Universe. The temple is a very important holy expedition destination for Hindus, especially for Lord Vishnu and Krishna devotees.
The name Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) is a combination of the Sanskrit words Jagat (Universe) and Nath (Lord of). It is a part of the four pilgrimage places like Ramesvaram, Badrinath, Puri and Dwarka. It was built by the Ganga dynasty King Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva.
Lord Jagannath was called "Purusottama" since his origin at Puri or Purusottam - Kshetra (the abode of Purusottam) since pre-historic times.it is one of the most magnificent pieces of monuments of India.
We can be visit all around the year, but the good time climate wise is between October and March. However there are various festivals held at the temple during various season, the most famous festival is one being the Rath Yatra in June. If you want to see this Rath Yatra of this world renowned festival, June will be a great time to visit the Jagannath Temple.
Famous Temple in India
5 . Venkateshwara Tirupati Balaji, Andhra Pradesh
Sri Venkataswara temple is the richest visited temple in India. It's Located on a hilltop,853 meters above the main sea level,Tirumala (Tiru means holy and Mala means hill) is a major pilgrimage center near the Tirupati town in the Chittor district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
The temple was built during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya, built in Dravidian architectural style. Venkateswara also known as Srinivasa, Balaji, Venkata and Venkatachalapati. It is a form of the Hindu god Vishnu. The main temple of Tirumala Tirupati lies on the seventh hill termed Venkatadri, which is why this holy Tirumala Temple is also called “The Temple Of Seven Hills".
The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world.
6. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai - Tamil Nadu
Madurai is one of the oldest cities of India. Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple of Madurai District , Tamil Nadu, India. It is devoted to Parvati also known as Meenakshi, and her consort is Shiva, here named as Sundareswarar. The temple formations the heart and lifeline of the 2,500 year old city of Madurai. Meenakshi Amman Temple also called as Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple and Tiru-aalavaai.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple have 14 gopurams, starting from 45-50m tall. The tallest is that the southern tower 51.9 metres (170 ft) high and 2 golden sculptured vimanas, the shrines over thegarbhagrihas (sanctums) of the most goddess. This Temple attracts 15,000 visitors daily, around 25,000 people on Fridays.
The Meenakshi temple is believed to own been founded by Indra (king of Deva celestial deities) while he was on a pilgrim’s journey to recompense for his misdeeds. The temple structure is a foremost example of Dravidian style. This temple is that the geographic and ritual center of the traditional town of Madurai and one of the largest temple complexes in state.
7. Siddhivinayak Temple, Maharashtra
The Siddhivinayaka Mahaganapati Temple is another one of the Famous richest temple located in Titwala a small town in the Kalyan taluk of Thane district near Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. This Mandir is a Hindu temple devoted to Lord Ganesh. It was built by Laxman Vithu Patil in 19th November, 1801. It is famous for housing the black stone idol of Shree Sidhivinayak with a tilted trunk.
Shree Siddhivinayak Temple in Mumbai is one the most visited pilgrimage not only by the locales but also attracts devotees from around the world. The Siddhivinayak is popularly known as “Navasala Pavanara Ganapati” or “Navasacha Ganapati” which stands for 'Ganapati bestows whenever humbly genuinely prayed a wish'
The temple then was a small structure housing the black stone idol of Shree Siddhivinayak, which was two and half feet wide. It is considered among the most revered temples of India Tour and is One of the most prominent and famous temples of Lord Ganesh. So Many celebrities come barefooted to pray here.
8. Amarnath Cave Temple, Jammu & Kashmir
Amarnath Cave Temple is located in district of Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir and it is one among the most revered Hindu pilgrimage place in India. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
The pilgrimage destination of Amarnath shrine is located inside a cave in the Himalayas. Amarnath, 'The Immortal God' is one of the many names of Lord Shiva. It is Just around 141 km from Srinagar and 45 km away from Pahalgam, is one of the holiest temple in India.
It is actually a cave temple in which a natural Shivalingam is formed and it Made with ice. this Shivalingam is one of the most venerated structur in India. The cave is located at an view point of 13000 feet above sea level.
This is a yatra to Amarnath cave located in Jammu and Kashmir. The Famous Amarnath yatra starts in the month of Shravan which is in the month of July and August according to Gregorian calendar.
9. Golden Temple, Amritsar - Punjab
The Golden Temple is located in Amritsar, Northern Punjab, India. which is close to the border of Pakistan.
The temple or gurdwara is a major pilgrimage destination for Sikhs from whole world and it is famous for tourist attraction. Previously it is known as the Golden Temple now it was officially renamed Harmandir Sahib in March 2005.
The Golden Temple proper name is Harmandir, which means "Temple of God" and is respectfully referred to as Darbar means "court" and Sahib means "Lord". Darbar Harmandir Sahib is known as the Golden Temple because of its unique features. It was built by the Guru Ramdaas Sahib Ji and fourth Sikh guru in the 16th Century, In 1604.
The gurdwara is constructed with white marble overlaid with gold leaf and stands in the center of a pond,pool of fresh, clear, reflective water which is fed by the River Ravi. It is considered one of the holiest, blessed and sacrosanct places in India. It is a symbol of both beauty and peace. The entire top of the temple is made of pure gold and thus adds a lot of pride and beauty to the entire temple.
10. Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur - Tamil Nadu
The Peruvudaiyar Kovil is a Hindu temple it is dedicated to Shiva, at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is also known as Brihadeshwara Temple, RajaRajeswara Temple, Periya Kovil and Rajarajeswaram.
This temple was purely constructed with granite and it was built during the reign of Chola dynasty.